Research in recent years has yielded valuable information about the conditions that make an organization more susceptible to fraud, as well as techniques and tools that support both deterrence and detection. This knowledge is of particular value to all participants in the financial reporting process, including management, boards of directors, audit committees, and internal and external auditors.


Organizations can take substantive actions to address the reporting of suspected financial fraud, according to Encouraging the Reporting of Misconduct, a report from the Anti-Fraud Collaboration. The report presents key recommendations from key players in the financial reporting supply chain, including corporate directors, financial executives, and internal and external auditors. The Collaboration compiled best practices from roundtable discussions focused on suspected financial reporting fraud and the negative impact that fear of retaliation has on the timely detection of such fraud. By understanding the factors that discourage reporting, the Collaboration offers ways to counter such obstacles and makes recommendations for creating and maintaining a retaliation-free environment.

Addressing Challenges for Highly Subjective and Complex Accounting Areas compiles leading-practice recommendations from dozens of company executives, corporate directors, and auditors who attended two 2016 Anti-Fraud Collaboration workshops to discuss ways to help deter fraud and enhance financial reporting. Taken together, these insights illuminate and underscore how improved accounting policies and internal controls related to highly subjective and complex accounting areas are key for stemming financial reporting fraud and reducing the number of restatements.